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Saturday, May 23, 2020

322. THE BASIC CHROMATIC TRIPLET OF CHORDS OF ANY MODE OF THE DIATONIC SCALE

We cannot stress much the importance of triads of chords (but also of notes intervals and scales) in improvisation.

A good application is to realize that as a diatonic scale is characterized as chords on the wheel by 4ths by its 3 chords on the steps 1M, 4M , 5M  (harmonic triplet of chords) ,  OR 7d 1M 2m (chromatic tripler of chords) the same can apply for the modes of the diatonic scale.

Besides the basic harmonic triplets (in other words a sequence of 3 chords X1,X2,X3 so that X1-X2 , X2-X3 are harmonic relations od chords, in other words chords that their roots differ by an interval of 4th (5th)) , there are also the chromatic triplets (in other words a sequence of 3 chords X1,X2,X3 so that X1-X2 , X2-X3 are chromatic relations od chords, in other words chords that their roots differ by an interval of 2nd). BOTHER ARE BASIC TYPES OF TRIPLETS. Inother words with the 3 chords of the triplet we can accompany any melody in the diatonic scale. WE CANNOT HAVE THSI PROPERTY OF BEING HARMONICALLY A BASE OF 3 CHORDS FOR MELODIC TRIPLETs (in other words a sequence of 3 chords X1,X2,X3 so that X1-X2 , X2-X3 are melodic relations of chords, in other words chords that their roots differ by an interval of 3rd) 

The chords of a mode of a diatonic scale at the steps 1,4,5 (or 7,1, 2) of it characterize its mood.

For example for the mixolydian mode of the diatonic scale from C ,(G, A, B , C, D, E, F, G) the chords at the steps 1,4 ,5 are the G, C, Dm) thus the 1, 2, 5 or I, ii, V of the original ionian and are the base of blues jazz.


Based on this perception, the 7 modes of the diatonic scale have the following chord triads:

(that is chords on their 1st 4th and 5th step, and we symbolize by m=minor M=major d=diminsihed.

1. IONIAN  :  CHROMATIC TRIPLET (7d, 1M, 2m)
2. DORIAN  :  CHROMATIC TRIPLET (1M, 2m, 3m )
3. PHRYGIAN : CHROMATIC TRIPLET(2m,3m, 4M)
4. LYDIAN:  CHROMATIC TRIPLET(3m, 4M, 5M)
5. MIXOLYDIAN: CHROMATIC TRIPLET (4M, 5M, 6m)
6. AEOLIAN:  CHROMATIC TRIPLET (5M, 6m, 7d)
7. LOCRIAN:  CHROMATIC TRIPLET (6m, 7d, 1M)

We may compare the basic chromatic triplets with the basic harmonic triplets (see also post 222)

1. IONIAN  :  HARMONIC TRIPLET (1M, 4M, 5M)
2. DORIAN  : HARMONIC TRIPLET (2m, 5M, 6m)
3. PHRYGIAN : HARMONIC TRIPLET (3m, 6m, 7d)
4. LYDIAN: HARMONIC TRIPLET  (4M, 7d,1M)
5. MIXOLYDIAN: HARMONIC TRIPLET  (5M, 1M,2m)
6. AEOLIAN: HARMONIC TRIPLET (6m, 2m, 3m)
7. LOCRIAN: HARMONIC TRIPLET  (7d, 3m, 4M)


Besides these 2 types of basic triplets we have also a 3rd type X1 X2 X3 , where X1-X2 is a chromatic relation and the X2-X3 is an harmonic relation or vice versa. We may call them the mixed
basic chromatic-harmonic triplets. E.g.  the basic triplet that is used sometimes in blues 1M 2m, 5M , is such as 1M-2m have chromatic relation while 1M-5M harmonic relation.

To convert a basic harmonic triplet to another chromatic or mixed basi triplet we utilize correspondences where we correspond each of the 3 main major chords of the diatonic scale with their lower minor relative and the 5M7 with the 7d. Therefore

2m<->4M
3m<->5M
6m<->1M
7d<-> 5M7

The same arguments may apply for the chromatic tonality where some of the mnor chords become major and some of the major chords minor. E.g. We have the harmonic triplet (3M7, 6m ,2m ) of the frygian mode and the harmonic triplet (7M7-3M7-6m) of the Locrian mode which are combined with the more standard harmonic triplets of the diatonic tonality of the dorian mode (2m-5M7-1M) or the myxolydian mode (5M7-1M7-4M) .

For  alternative basic chromatic triplets of the chromatic tonality (that corresponds to the harmonic minor and double harmonic minor) we have the triplets (we notice that thsi type of chromatic tonality gives for the basic chromatic triplets, cases of 2 major chords and one minor, thus the major chords are dominating!)


IONIAN MODE: 7M-1M-2m
DORIAN MODE: 1M-2m-3M
FRYGIAN MODE: 2m-3M7-4M
LYDIAN MODE: 3M-4M-5M
AEOLIAN MODE: 5M-6m-7M
LOCRIAN MODE: 6m-7M-1M

Friday, May 22, 2020

321. THE TECHNIQUE OF CREATING MELODIC LINES ACCOMPANIED BY A CHORD BY UTILIZING THE NOTES OF THAT CHORD AND THE NOTES OF A SECOND CHORD AT AN INTERVAL OF 2ND CLOSE TO IT (CHROMATICALLY RELATED CHORD)

We have discussed in other posts (see e.g. post 92 ,103 ,104, 183 ) the concept of chromatic or diatonic closure of a 3-notes chord  or vector chord and how we can create melodic lines accompanyed by this chord with notes also from the other notes of the closure oft he chord.

Here we modify a little this technique and instead of utlizing the closure of a chord (e.g. instead of utilizing the [CM]=c-d-e-f-g, which is the closure of the chord CM=c-e-g in the C major diatonic scale) we utilize  the neigbor chord  Dm=d-f-a or Bdim =b-d-f.

In order to have that the final melodic theme will be still harmonizable by the initial chord (in the example the C major) it is required a timing and rhythm that gives at least 50% of the time of the melodic line to be of the notes of  the initial chord.

This technique sounds even better if in the chord progression of the song, the previous or the next chord of the Cmajor is the  Dm or the Bdim. But this is not necessary in general.

It is obvious that this technique can be used when we want the melodic line to be accompanied by 2 or 3 chords as in post 313 , we just apply it for each part of it that it is accomapnied by one of t he 2 or 3 chords.




Wednesday, May 20, 2020

320. THE UBIQUITOUS MIDI CONTROLLER MOGEES TRIGGERED FROM SOUNDS BY ANY EVERYDAY SUROUNDING OBJECT

An astonishing and brilliant idea to create a completly  any-hardware midi controller is the idea of MOGEES.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RGbyFxw3-pY

The astonishing part of the experience in playng with the Mogees is that the human subconsious is tricked to think that the sounds listened are created by the hiting of simple surounding everyday objects (which of course would be a very nice bautification of our material world). 
This is not really the case. The microphone is not filtering the physical sound recorded by the little microphon neither it transforms it . It simply corresponds to it  ,arbitrarily and by user preset method ,other stored musical digital sounds or sample musical sounds.
It corresponds natural hitting sounds mainly to digital (mainly hitng ) sound. 
herefore because of the nature of natural surrounding objects sound as mainly hitting sound and the corresponding digital sound mainly of drums , percursions or metalophones , or string plucked instruments, the character of this midi controller is closer to percursion instrument or at best plucked string instrument.


Neverthless the idea is brilliant. The four free software applications that come in ipad and iphone with the mogees microphone (mogees play , mogees pulse , mogees keys , mogees maestro) are also very nice and creative, and can be used as an excellent method to practice musical improvisation and composition.

In the next video, we see how by combining the Mogees keys, with garageband we can improovise and compose music

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qc0P8KcVFhU


The improvisational composition here utilizes

1) A loop with drums
2) An improvised and recorded loop with bass
3) An improvised and recorded arpeggio loop (of 3 notes and translated in two places) with a melodic instrument
4) An improvised and recorded chord progression loop (here 2 chords only)
5) A finishing improvised and recorded arpeggio of  6 notes.













https://www.mogees.co.uk/

319. THE DIGITAL WHISTLE AND MIDI CONTROLLER WARBL


A peculiar and very intersrting digital wind instrument oriented to theIrish wistles and bag-pipes music is  the WARBL

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rCUeQ2b5Lzk&t=260s

I assess the new digital music instruments and software fromthe degrees of freedmon the allow to the player.

The warbl does not allow yet for any possible tuning of any note on any of its virtual holes=buttons, but the designer has written that he will consider it  in the future.

What I like in warble is that it is based on the simple fingering system ofthe irish whsitle of 6-front +1 thump hole which is also the universal smartest fingering system of all folk direct flutes among any continent.

Unfortunatly some digital wind instrumenst are based on the fingering system of the saxophone, or recorder , or clarinet, or Bohm flute which are not the smartest and most ergonomic possible for a wind instrument. But not the warbl. The Warbl is  based on the smartest posssible fingering system the irish whistle. Of course it supports other fingering systemsl ike that of recorder and native american flutes etc as well.

An interesting feature of the warbl is that the bending of the notes and partial holing is not supported by any sliding special button as in other digital wind instruments but by optical sensor by the distance of  the finger from the hole.

The current design state of the warbl (2020)  supports only 2 octaves with the tumb hole and 3 by utilizingthe right thumb and an additional button. But the designer has written that it will give it 3 octaves inthe future only with the left hand thumo button.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Azof-JJxLk




317. THE DIGITAL HARMONICA DM48

As far as I know till 2020 there is only one digital harmonica in the market and thsi si the

Swedish digital DM48 harmonica


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nwgIAFOnJVs&t=16s


I assess the new digital music instruments and software fromthe degrees of freedmon the allow to the player.

And on this the DM48 is an ecxellent score as it is the only digital wind instrument and midi controller that I know which allows for any possible tuning  on the holes a s blow and draw, plus slider shift.


I have configured it to my sensitivity and it is even more sensitive compared to the usual hardware harmonicas , with less impedance and plow pressure.

Because the DM48 is a midi controller triggering notes by the breath pressure , it is still an excellent tool for excercising the breath and having high emotional involvment while playing because of the breath.


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3ZpAqeLyiIs

316. THE SYLPHYO DIGIAL MULTI WIND INSTRUMENT


In my opinion one of the best digital wind instrument as midi controller is the SYLPHYO

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DCPS5wBcMB0

I assess the new digital music instruments and software fromthe degrees of freedmon the allow to the player.

Some of its advamtages over other digtal wind midi controllers is that it alloes for many different fingering systems which includes of course the simplest and universal one of irsh whistles and folk direct flutes like quenas, Xiao, shakhuhachi etc

What sylphyo unfortunately does not allow (but neither any single tube digital wind midi controlleras far as I know) is to set any possible note to any ofthe virtual "holes" or finger buttons.
It does allow though for plenty many different fingering systems of practiacally any known wind isntrumenst  at  any key.

Only the Swedish digital harmonica DM48 allwos it but it is not a single tube wind.

One of the best features of this SYLPHYO that I enjoy a lot is that it has a triple registry-thump key which is actually 5-fold and a allows forthe wind instrument taht you paly to have not 2 not 3 but 5 octaves while playing real tume.

Furthermore I enjoy a lot the easy design of sharps and flats which is simply by a single  (correspondigly ) button for all notes (like a pedal in orchestral harps) controlled by the little fingers.

Furthermore the slider that it has controlled by the right hand thump makes miracles in effects on the sounds.

Because the SYLPHYO is a midi controller triggering notes by the breath pressure and finger buttons, it is still an excellent tool for excercising the breath and having high emotional involvment while playing because of the breath.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XZKUPmkjWnU

315. THE DIGITAL FRETBOARD (MIDI CONTROLLER) ARTIPHON

In my opinion one of the best digitaL FRETBOARDS  midi controlers is the ARTIPHON, which is without strings

https://artiphon.com/

There are some digital guitars and midicontrollers in the market. E.g.  Jammy digital guitar the  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zR1nhH_CHNc which DOES have strings.

having strings is more natural when one wants to play guitar or other instruments like mandoline and ukulele etc, but they are not of much help when hewant to play violin, or winds, or saxophone etc.
At the latter cases the stribgless digital fretboard is mor convenient.


I assess the new digital music instruments and software fromthe degrees of freedmon the allow to the player.

The artiphone has a significant degree of freedom, as at allows not only any tuning on the place of t he strings but also any tuning for each fret!

What no digotal fretbard allows yet till now is to set a tuning note for any frets which is not in  the 12 notes of the Westerm music universe but of any frequency at all (which would include ancient Greek scales, Byzantine scales, Arabic scales, Indish scales etc.

But at least aripohone allows for sliding among the frets.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dHwiJTay6GI


This digital fretboard can save to anyone a lot of money in buying hardware traditioal instruments.
And as it can be even tuned fret-by-fret like a diatonic harp ,panflute , zamponia, or even harmonica it is an excellent musical instrument to learn improvisation.